Why the Semantic Web is the future and why the future is now?

Today the web delivers information to us in the form of web pages – mainly HTML documents that are linked to one another through hyperlinks. It’s by scanning and following hyperlink after hyperlink that Google indexes and maps the entire world-wide web.

The sweet thing with HTML documents is that both humans and machines can read them. Whereas humans can read the content as such, interpret it and consequently link meaning to the words on the page, machines need to look at some clues to judge the content of a web page. Clues that SEO specialists truly understand. So they put the keywords in places where machines go looking for clues.

But as the web evolves, technologies alter. And moving beyond HTML to communicate information to machines might have a tremendous impact.
HTML is still important – and it will always be, most probably – but the importance for machine interpretation is in decline thanks to semantic technology.

The web has promised semantic for a while now, but nowadays it seems to hold true to the promise. For SEO, it means keywords are no longer the key element of SEO – as proven by Google’s default ‘not provided’ keyword parameter. The new normal for SEO is to do Semantic Web. It means marking up your content in a much more clever way then we previously did with a keyword-driven html-documents-based approach.

Semantics turns Google into both your start and endpoint of every search journey.

As happens with most searches these days, let’s start at google.com to explain what it is about. And as happens with most searches on google.com these days, this is exactly where your search journey ends as well. Why? Because Google provides you the things you need on its own page, not by redirecting you to a scanned page somewhere on the internet.

How do you think Google Shopping allows for online buying on Google at a retailer’s store? Or what about booking hotels and flights directly in Google? And what about the nice preview you get on your mobile phone to confirm your flight and hotel booking? Or something as simple as having your location and opening hours in Google?

Yup, Semantics. So, Hello, new SEO! What a bless that people can find you on Google and e.g. buy your service/product directly through Google, see your opening hours and location, …
Let’s take a look at two big (online) players, Lufthansa and Ebookers.com who are already doing semantic web and giving customers a superb experience on Google platforms.
How nice are those emails? What a brilliant customer experience is this? Quite sure you want to repeat this because it makes you feel good.

Inbox - semantics @ work?

Inbox – semantics @ work?

Book hotel in Google search - Semantics at work?

Book hotel in Google search – Semantics at work?

Running an e-commerce website? Watch out for Google shopping.

Google Shopping – semantics at work?

semantics - weather & location

semantics – weather & location

Semantics at work by Ikea?

Semantics at work by Ikea?

Many applications from Google, Microsoft, Pinterest and others are already using these vocabularies to power rich, extensible experiences. It’s important for brands and corporations to offer a smooth experience from your company on the Google, Facebook and other dominant web platforms today. It means that you need to get into the semantics game.

Particularly for the “Google Discoverability Purpose”, the semantic tech at work here is Schema.org. Schema.org seems one of the most important RDF schemes for businesses today to understand and deploy. I even would like to call it the new SEO – if only it was to build awareness by provoking.

Schema.org, the most important Semantic Web tech today.

Schema.org is a community that creates, maintains and promotes schemas for structured data on the Internet, on web pages, in email messages and beyond.

The vocabulary can be used with many different encodings (RDF, microdata, JSON). Many applications from Google, Microsoft, Pinterest and others are already using these vocabularies to power rich, extensible experiences. It’s important to provide a smooth experience from your company on the Google, Facebook and other dominant web platforms otherwise you’re lost. It means that you need to get into the semantics game.

But where do semantics come from? What’s the story behind it?
Be aware: here is where I try to explain the tech behind my marketing bla bla above.

The story behind schema.org: Semantic Web for machine readability.

In its very essence, semantic web, marks a shift in thinking from publishing data in human readable HTML documents to machine readable documents. The Web contains lots of information. But it’s hardly constructed from raw data. It’s marked up in HTML documents. The semantic web basically changes this core architecture of the Web.

The semantic web is a way that allows to describe models of data that can further be treated as if everything was in one database. Think of the web as one big jar of data. Think of a web page as a visualization of well-selected data from that jar. Mashup Gallore! You’ve seen it. And you’ll see it more in the future. Why does this happen now?

Why the time for Semantic Web is now.

Regardless of the fact that Semantic Web has been a topic for years now and that it did not get much traction outside the academic realms yet, the time for semantics is now:

  • artificial intelligence is coming strong and if we want to make the web work for us, we need a “language” for machines to understand. That language seems semantics.
  • internet of things is generating data and if we want machines to communicate with one another (M2M communication) and with humans, we need a language that both can understand. Hello, Semantics.
  • the growing usage of marketing automation at multiple digital touch points, makes an intelligent markup language crucial for machines to take over human activities.
  • the benefits of automated research of all data humanity has to offer on the internet…

Semantic Web: the tech side, the machine aspect

So far we did not clarify a lot. We agree. We did not do anything else than saying that the web as we know it – html pages linked via hyperlinks – is about to be replaced with a more clever way of organizing, structuring, retrieving and visualizing data and content.

Semantics is mostly defined as a “3.0 web technology” – a method of linking data between systems or entities that allows for rich, self-describing interrelations of data available across the globe.

One might think this is a rather complicated topic. However, it doesn’t have to be. The below learning curve helps you to understand what semantics is about. And how to get there from the ground up.

Semantic web learning curve

Semantic web learning curve

How to realize Semantics – a roadmap from Graph Data over RDF to Semantics.

Forget everything you know about databases. Because probably you only know hierarchical relational databases. This hierarchical architecture is what the semantic web leaves behind. It starts from a Graph Database instead of a relational and/or hierarchical database.

A graph consists of resources related to other resources, with no single resource having any particular intrinsic importance over another one. In this way, it’s easiest to understand a Graph as a visualisation of a series of statements about how things relate to each other. Let’s clarify things with a data graph example.

A Data Graph example

The below graph (or scheme if you want) actually makes several statements about two objects:

  • thing 1 has the name Bengie and has the animal type dog
    Bengie is a dog.
    thing 2 has the name Bonnie and has the animal type cat.
    Bonnie is a cat.
    Thing 1 is linked to Thing 2 through a relation “friends with”.
    Bengie and Bonnie are friends, despite being a cat and a dog.
Example of semantic graph

Example of semantic graph

Is it only me or are people also constructing meaning in this manner?

Anyway, let’s look at a method do translate this graph into something that can be used in Information technologies. Hello RDF!

RDF: the foundation of semantic web without describing the meaning (semantics) as such.

RDF is a formal manner of describing data graphs so that machines understand the structure behind the graph. An RDF statement always comes with the following 3 dimensions:

  • subject
  • property
  • object
example statement

example statement

The “triple” (subject, object, property) is the essence of RDF, the structural foundation of the semantic web.

In order to thrive in the semantic web, one needs to understand data and content within this non-hierarchical means of data modelling.

Semantic Modeling with metadata from formal vocabularies and ontologies

While the above RDF statements offer a graph-based model for recording and interchanging data globally, it doesn’t provide any clues for the meaning as such of the statements. In other words: there’s nothing semantic in yet. To include meaning, one needs common formats to collaborate. These common formats are realized through vocabulary and ontology:

  • vocabulary: terms with a well-defined meaning across contexts
  • ontology: defines contextual relations behind a defined vocabulary.

Standard vocabularies, or formal ontologies, are already available for a wide range of subjects: media terms, biomedical terms, scientific terms, etc.
For non-techies it might be the easiest to understand all this as “metadata”; data that describe the data. For SEO’ers it might be easiest to understand that “schema.org is the new meta data in the html head section”.

The real deal: RDFS & OWL, the actual semantic techology

In order to construct meaning in RDF data, one needs to mark them up or annotate them with semantic metadata: RDFS and OWL. And it this point, we’re really talking technical shit. So I think I’ll leave it for now. In fact, I’m quite unable to further explain this. I’m a non-technical guy. But I believed this was interesting. So I researched a little bit. So, yeah, it might be, this post has errors…

The web is undergoing a massive re-architecture. It’s called Semantics.

We’ve pointed out in the introduction that Semantic is getting increasingly important to the world because of the rise of artificial intelligence, internet of things, marketing automation and so on.

But we started from a “Google / Seo” perspective because we believe it’s shows the importance of semantics in the most tangible way. SEO is about getting a good spot in the search enginge result pages for a specific keyword. Clever marketers have already noted that Google’s search engine result page is not longer a gatekeeper. It is not the start of searches. It’s also the end of searches. Making sure your product, brand, service pops up in those end pages. Intelligently mark up your bits and pieces (data, content) with schema.org.

How to outperform a Big Data competitor with Tiny & Small Data?

“We’re lost. Competition has more intelligence through their Big Data solution.”

Size doesn't matter - on data

Size doesn’t matter – on data

If you recently ran up to a marketing manager slash director slash VP Marketing, you’ll probably have heard the above sentence. And it seems to make sense at first sight. After all, there are plenty of articles stating that marketers should do Big Data or otherwise their organization will become obsolete because Big Data-driven Competitors will make them irrelevant. So if you want to sustain your marketing credibility, you better start your Big Data Project.

“You’ll win. Outperform them by using smart Small and intelligent Tiny Data.”

I disagree. Strongly. Most companies shouldn’t do Big Data. First of all because most are unable to collect them. Second, most are unable to crunch them into meaningful insights. To get to these insights, look at Small Data and Tiny Data. Small & Tiny Data are key to outperform your Big Data-driven competitor. Here’s why.

Why Tiny & Small Data are more important than Big Data.

As life partly moved to the internet and the internet became mobile (phones, cars, houses,…) , traces of our life are recorded and consequently quantified. This is what makes Big Data well … Big. It’s a collection of large and complex data sets. Insights and understanding of these data bears a lot of potential in them. But on the other hand, Big Data starts from a shaky premise: “we don’t need to think if we analyze sufficient data the numbers crunched say it all”.

In case I remember my stats courses well, this is just plain Bullshit. First of all there’s the difference between a correlation and a causality. It’s not because things are correlated that we understand the causality of the phenomenon. Furthermore, adding more data points to a collection does not automatically takes away all data issues. Just think of a “biased sample” in this respect. What if all “Big Data” you gather are from those people who are totally off-focus? Or do you really believe you can gather “all data” to counter all statistical reasons against Big Data. I guess you’ll never have “all population data”.

“Big Data for the What. Tiny Data for the Why.”

Big data show you the what. Tiny Data prove the why of that what. Marketers need to understand the why and work towards that insight. In today’s world, most marketers need to rely on Tiny Data to get those crucial insights on the why.

What is Tiny Data?

Tiny Data is a collection of qualitative / interpretative information. The data sample is rarely big. You take a few well-selected data points (sample) and get in deep touch with these data points. Observe these data points in real-life (participatory observation), talk with them individually about the subject (interviews) or run collective discussions (focus groups) to retrieve the information you’re looking for.

The information generated through these research techniques are not quantified. Variables are described in a human language. Not through statistical numbers based on – wrong – assumption. This in turn results in a better understanding. In true insights. Insights that are actionable. Insights that help you understand your customer. Insights that help you talk the customer’s language, etc. Don’t you want that in times where “engagement” seems a crucial marketing KPI?

“Big Data is here already. Big insights too but through Tiny Data”

Data without knowledge and information is useless. Current Big Data initiatives (like e.g. predictive buying) mostly lack true insights. As shown above, this will always be its problem. As this is a problem linked to the very nature of statistical modeling.

But what does one need to do now when he’s convinced he needs to be a data-driven business? Well, get insights through Tiny data. Second focus on getting your small data right!

“The Small Data challenge is already big enough.”

Regardless of the Big Data buzz, I notice a lot of companies not even properly handling their Small Data. That’s a shame because handling your small data well drastically improves your customer relations, lead generation, lead nurturing, etc. How do you automate your digital marketing communication without any solid Small Data behind it?

What is Small Data?

Small Data are the “regular” data information about a customer. These aren’t big – not large and not complex – but are crucial to get the conversation going. Think of elements like first name, last name, address, e-mail, birthday, sex, language, locale, channel preference, purchase stage, current products / services, …

And yes keeping those small data up-to-date is more important than gathering more and more data without any purpose. Or did you never get that “personalized e-mail” addressing you with the wrong name yet? “That couple who used to order a case of wine every fortnight for dinner parties is now buying diapers and baby food. Like your products, customer data has a sell-by date.”

“Size doesn’t matter?”

When it comes to data, size doesn’t matter. The goal of data is to get those that solve our problem or provide answers to the questions we have. For most problems and questions, small and tiny data do the trick. That’s how you outperform a big data competitor.

What is SEO? Technology meets people.

SEO, Search Engine Optimization.I’m back in the SEO game lately. Well, I’ve never been away but it’s “trending” more than ever in my environment.

The general understanding of “SEO” strikes me though. It’s not a box full of technical tricks. It’s just some science, some art and a portion of gut feeling.

But it’s mainly about the way technology works in combination with the way humans behave. Hence the questions that provide an answer to “what is SEO” are:

  • How do people search?
  • How do search engines work?


I could write a book or give you a presentation to answer the above questions. In fact I would be happy to do so.

Most important to know however is that both are dynamic or evolutionary – changing over time. Another striking similarity is the fact that both phenomena can never be completely understood by anyone. Whatever somebody states, he doesn’t fully know the algorithm by which e.g. Google scans, indexes and ranks web pages. And that’s equally true for the other aspect: you cannot fully understand how people search information digitally.

SEO: the intersection of technology and people

Overlooking the above vision on SEO, one could easily derive the best SEO advice ever:

What seems a good thing on your webpage for a human being

will be good for your ranking in search engines (= your SEO efforts).

RE: Can you consult on my vine strategy?

I recently got an e-mail asking to define a marketing strategy for vine. I couldn’t.
I told them to find somebody else. I might have thrown away some dollars, true. But I might have lost even more…

People asking me that question is not my type of customer. Here’s why.

You don’t need a vine strategy.

Vine is an iOS app that allows you to make and share 6 second movies.

May I remind you that you were already able to do so before Vine? Way before vine.

Strategy first, then tactics & tools.

Think strategy first please. Vine forces you to reflect on the role of moving images for your business.

Is video a right tactic for your company? Are 6 second movies valid to obtain your goals?

The above video is made without Vine. But it is a 6 seconds video…Okay, maybe 8 secs.

Disclaimer: this article is written on a smartphone…

Open letter to the Mayor of Kortrijk. Forget Qortrijk, think #Qartrijk.

It recently came to me that the city of ‘Kortrijk’ (Belgium) investigates successful projects in cities with QR codes. Additionally, I heard they’re mainly investigating QR codes as a way to facilitate and foster “tourism” and/or “traders”. That’s a start. But that’s not Kortrijk. It’s good to look at best practices in other cities, true. But it’s even better to have the guts to run your own experiments, sparked off by your own imagination and taking advantage of in-city talents.

Hence, I’ve decided to write an open letter to the major so to hopefully influence the policy in this topic. Of course I should have written this letter in Dutch. But unfortunately most people on this blog come from an English-speaking region – despite the fact that my English isn’t very high standard…

So here we go, an open letter to the Mayor of Kortrijk. I know he understands English.

Dear Mayor,

I’m writing an open-ended letter to ask you to turn your Qortrijk into #Qartrijk for a little while.

But first things first. I’m still waiting for an elaborated policy for the coming years in my and your city. I truly do appreciate your efforts to first consult the inhabitants (not population as you call them in your communication…#tip). I do believe this is useful. However I doubt that this is the way that participative democracy ought to function / to be organized. My view is that leaders have to come up with a vision first. A vision which is consequently elaborated into actionable projects. And it’s exactly at this lowest level – actionable projects level – that participative democracy is at stake. I could be completely wrong. So I’m very much open to arguments in favor of an early integration of “the crowd” into policy decision-making.

10 engagements are a good start.

I know you started with 10 engagements for the city and its people. And I believe those are good principles. But those same guidelines are exactly why you should consider the QR-debate in a different perspective. Especially, the below:

  • A city that listens and converses”
    As stated above #KortrijkSpreekt is a great initiative, whether it’s been organized too early or not. However, I believe the city should also listen and converse in the digital world. That’s why in one way or another this letter should be picked up by you, read by you and given feedback to the author.
  • “A city that undertakes and shares”
    The whole QR debate can be seen in a different light, one that sees the project as an enabler to entrepreneurial initiatives and facilitates the art scene while improving the city as such.
  • “A city that moves, dares and changes”
    In relation to the QR-debate this could mean that you’re really eager to run innovative experiments. Why not use this technology so to improve the traffic experience for pedestrian?
  • “A city with a vibe and enthusiasm”
    There are many talented people in the city. Why not duplicate that through a project like #Qartrijk?

I’m about to cut the crap now dear Mayor, here’s what I actually wanted to say…

#Qartrijk as project for the city of Kortrijk a.k.a. Qortrijk

My idea of QaRt isn’t really new. The idea of #Qartrijk however is. To understand the concept of #Qartrijk, you should understand QaRt. And fortunately QaRt is very easy to undertand. It’s QR + ART. QR + ART = QART. There you go. But why?

QR codes have little value and won’t last forever

I’ve always seen QR codes as a temporary thing. It has little value and it won’t last. What’s even more, most people don’t actually know about QR codes. Yes, tech and marketing people know them. And from time to time tag them if they notice them anyway. But it’s not a mainstream thing. It will never be. Without further details here, allow me to just state that QR is only a little aspect in an evolutionary story called the mobile ecosystem.

QR as an artform

Regardless of the fact that most people see QR codes as messed up lines and dots, it inspires people to turn the code as such in a more artful experience. It’s all about design, one vital aspect of Kortrijk’s identity… For this reason (and the one above) I started “pinning” examples of Qart. It might be inspiring for the #Qartrijk experiment. Oh yes, what exactly is #Qartrijk?

#Qartrijk: QR meets Art through-out Kortrijk

#Qartrijk is all about QR in an artful / design way. But not only that. It’s about mobile technology experiments in an artful way that add value to the city. They make the city better. Imagine one experiment being a new lamppost which pedestrian can tag in order to get a faster green light. Of course the object “lamppost” is an art piece in itself. In this manner, one can dream of an organically grown art route of QR-inspired objects in the city.

Let’s run a small experiment!

Kind regards,


RE: Instagram for Android. Little Photo? No. On UX.

Huawei Ascend P1

Huawei Ascend P1

I tend to test chinese smart phones as a hobby. Back in the days I was testing the ZTE Blade, a phone running on Android. Money well spend? Well, yes and no.

The phone did things. But he was quite frustrating as well: its inability to install those apps you truly wanted. Right, seems there’s no such thing as a default Android OS.

As there wasn’t an Instagram for Android at that time I decided to install “little photo”. I even wrote an article about it, stating that Little Photo was a valid alternative to instagram for Android-users waiting for Instagram to run on their OS.

I couldn’t have been more wrong. To start with, it was wrong to compare both “apps” as they are in fact not to be compared. But if we ignore the above, here’s why Instagram is great.

Huawei Ascend P1

In my struggle testing chinese smart phones I’m currently dealing with the Huawei Ascend P1. It’s not really a struggle this time. It’s a fast machine (it beats my friend’s iPhone5 in browser start-up etcetera), running every app I tried so far. And it also runs Instagram. So now that I’m on Instragram for Android, I realize Little Photo is -sorry- crap. What is it then that makes Instagram a “waw” and little photo a “boo”?

Instagram: it’s all about the User Experience. UX.

UX – user experience – is all about how a person feels about using a product, system or service. User experience reflects on the experiential, affective, meaningful and valuable aspects of human-computer interaction. As a result, one could state that user experience is in fact subjective in nature because it’s about an individual’s feelings and thoughts about a technology.

Next to that, UX is dynamic, in a way that it may change over time.

Finally, user experience and usability are closely linked but are not the same. In my view, usability does not define the overall user experience but it has a powerful contribution to that overall experience.

Today I have to say: it’s a pleasure to work with Instragram while it’s frustrating to handle apps like “little photo”. The experience is just great. And it’s very easy to use.

Little Photo failed on UX & Usability

And that was the entire issue with “Little Photo”. In the end, you could get nice results. But until you got there… you probably cursed numerous times at your phone. The user experience was crap. And deploying the filters onto photos wasn’t very “userfriendly”. The product failed on UX and Usability. It results in not using the product any more.

Guess it’s time to take UX seriously

User Experience, UX and Usability matter. No doubt. Or do you have a different view?

Instagram for Android: Little Photo.

Little Photo - Instagram for Android

Little Photo - Instagram for Android

You probably dropped across beautiful instagram pictures by now. Instagram is an app (or a way) to share your life with friends through pictures. The idea is fairly simple: snap a pic with your iPhone, apply a filter to transform the look&feel and share it to your social network.

I have to say, Instagram instantly turns people into wonderful photographers. As I’ve always dreamed of being a good photographer myself, I believed the tools to turn into a photographer were finally within my reach.
All I need to do is getting the Instagram app, right?

Wrong! Unfortunately I use an Android device and Instagram is an iOS application. So I’m unable to use Instagram without getting a stylish (over-priced) iPhone. It turns out however that I’m not the only Android user who wants to use Instagram – as Google search suggestions demonstrate.

Instagram is iPhone only

Instagram search suggestions - Instagram Android.

Instagram search suggestions - Instagram Android.

As mentioned before, you need an iPhone to run Instagram. The photographic talent amongst Android users remain untapped. And regardless of the rumours about Instagram coming to Android I believe and notice that people are looking for alternatives. The best alternative I encountered so far is the free app Little Photo.

Little Photo: Instagram Android

I’ve experimented with a lot of Android photography apps up until today. But I really like Little Photo. Here’s why.

When accessing the app, you can take a picture with your camera or start from an existing image. Once you’ve done that, just touch the pic to experiment with filters and effects. The application has a bunch of filters and effects and you can go easily through all filters and effects and see how it transforms your image and consequently decide whether you want to apply it or not. The app supports multiple filters applied to the same image.

Next to the brilliant filters, it’s possible to save your image without overwriting the original file. Little Photo automatically creates a separate directory on SD card.

Finally, the app allows to easily share to different social networks. And as far as I know, it doesn’t create an additional social network as is the fact with Instagram. This sounds like a plus to me as I don’t want to engage on yet another social platform.

Little Photo example

Little Photo - White Shine

Little Photo

The above Little Photo example started from an existing photo that I did not take myself. I received this image from @JuliaPentcheva. It depicts a scenic winter landscape near the small mountain village of Momchilovtsi in Bulgaria. As the village is known for its “magic” I tried to “LittlePhoto-ize” that magic into it. Below is the original picture.

Original image

Original image

What after the Instragram Android release?

I wonder when Instagram becomes available for Android devices. Does somebody knows the ETA?
The question however is whether I will feel like making the switch after falling in love with Little Photo before…

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